|Home | Browse | Identify | About key | Glossary|
Eichhornia azurea (Sw.) Kunth
Common names: anchored water-hyacinth, rooted water-hyacinth
Fruit a capsule with numerous seeds. Seeds terete, oblong to narrowly oblong in outline, ca. 1.5-2.6 mm long, 0.3-0.9 mm wide and thick, with ca. 10 longitudinal ridges or membranous wings evenly spaced around seed. Testa light yellow-orange to yellow-brown, Surface with glistening, fine horizontal striations in between ridges. Hilum terminal, often with persistent funiculus 0.4-0.6 mm long; chalazal end obtuse or depressed and often darker in color. Embryo axile-linear; endosperm readily visible.
Seeds develop from an anatropous ovule, characteristic in the Pontederiaceae, resulting in both ends being distinctly featured. The chalazal end is opposite the hilar end.
Eichhornia crassipes (Sw.) Kunth
Heteranthera limosa (Sw.) Willd.
Monochoria hastata (L.) Solms-Laub.
Monochoria vaginalis (Burm. f.) C. Presl.
Native to Mexico, Central America and South America, also Jamaica. Introduced to India, Iran, and the United States.
In mud along rivers, lakes, marshes, canals.
Eichhornia azurea is a perennial aquatic plant with submersed and emersed leaves, up to 100 cm tall. In the neotropics, with other aquatic plants, it forms floating masses that obstruct navigation. Propagation is by whole plants, stem fragments, fruits, and seeds. E. azurea was introduced into the U.S. as an aquatic ornamental but has not become established as a weed here.