Print Fact Sheet

Austropyrgus diemensis (Frauenfeld, 1863)

Diagnostic features

This species belongs to the Austropyrgus sparsus group, whose members are characterised by the following shell features: small to medium sized shells, conical, with convex to slightly convex whorls. Furthermore, in females, the coiled oviduct is of an inverted U-shape or with two or more bends, loops or twists.

Austropyrgus diemensis differs from the other species of this group in the following combination of characters: shell medium in size, broad, squat, with straight spire outline and convex whorls; pallial vas deferens strongly undulating at base of penis, penis unpigmented; seminal receptacle at anterior edge to middle of inner wall of bursa copulatrix.

Classification

Austropyrgus diemensis (Frauenfeld, 1863)

Class Gastropoda

Subclass Caenogastropoda

Order Littorinimorpha

Superfamily Truncatelloidea

Family Tateidae

Genus Austropyrgus Cotton, 1942

Original name: Amnicola diemense Frauenfeld, 1863. Frauenfeld, G. R. (1863). Vorläufige aufzählung der arten der gattungen Hydrobia Htm. und Amnicola Gld. Hldm. in der kaiserlichen und Cuming’s Sammlung. Verhandlungen de Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft, Wien 13: 1017–1032. 

Type locality: Tasmania—restricted to South Esk River, Cataract Gorge, Launceston, Tasmania by Clark et al. (2003).

Synonyms:  Potamopyrgus woodsii Petterd, 1889; Potamopyrgus brownii Petterd, 1889.

Biology and ecology

In streams on water weeds, hard substrate (rocks etc.) and crawling on litter and sediment. Can be locally abundant. Assumed to feed by scraping bacteria and microalgae. Lay solitary capsules containing a single egg. Direct development.

Additional information on the biology and ecology of members of this family can be found in Fauna of Australia, vol. 5B, p. 752-755.

Distribution

This is a very widespread species found mainly in the drainage of the South Esk River, northeastern Tasmania.

Notes

Although most species of Austropyrgus are geographically isolated and have restricted ranges, a few - such as A. diemenensis - have wider ranges.

Further reading

Clark, S. A., Miller, A. C. & Ponder, W. F. (2003). Revision of the snail genus Austropyrgus (Gastropoda: Hydrobiidae): a morphostatic radiation of freshwater gastropods in southeastern Australia. Records of the Australian Museum 28: 1–109.