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Lentidium dalyfluvialis Hallan & Willan, 2010

Diagnostic features

This species is easily recognised based on its brittle, very thinly valved (almost transparent) orange shell of up to 13 mm in length.

Classification

Lentidium dalyfluvialis Hallan & Willan, 2010

Class Bivalvia

Subclass Heteroconchia

Superorder Heterodonta

Order Myida

Superfamily Myoidea

Family Corbulidae

Subfamily: Lentidiinae

Genus Lentidium Cristofori & Jan, 1832

Original name: Lentidium dalyfluvialis Hallan & Willan, 2010. Hallan, A. and Willan, R. C. (2010). Two new species of Lentidium (Myida: Corbulidae) from tropical northern Australia: remarkable fresh/fluviatile to brackish-water bivalves. Molluscan Research 30(3): 143-153.

Type locality: Browns Creek, Daly River, Northern Territory.

State of taxonomy

We follow the taxonomy of Hallan and Willan (2010). However, this species probably belongs to a new genus as it is quite distinct from any other corbulid.

Biology and ecology

This species is a shallow burrower in sandy sediments overlain with a thin layer of mud, where it commonly lies at an angle with its siphons exposed in the water column. For the family, L. dalyfluvialis is rather active and can readily reposition itself in the sediment when disturbed.

Commonly found in high densities of up to 1000 individuals/m2, in a narrow section of the upper estuarine, freshwater to slightly brackish parts of the Daly River, Northern Territory.

Distribution

Endemic to the Daly River, Northern Territory.

Notes

Lentidium dalyfluvialis is the only species of this genus present in freshwater environments in Australia (and possibly world-wide). As far as is known, it is endemic to the Daly River, Northern Territory, where it occurs with other molluscs presumably endemic to that river, such as Colenuda kessneri and Coleglabra nordaustralis (both Clenchiellidae).

Further reading

Hallan, A. & Willan, R. C. (2010). Two new species of Lentidium (Myida: Corbulidae) from tropical northern Australia: remarkable fresh/fluviatile to brackish-water bivalves. Molluscan Research 30: 143.

Hallan, A., Colgan, D. J., Anderson, L. C., García, A. & Chivas, A. R. (2013). A single origin for the limnetic-euryhaline taxa in the Corbulidae (Bivalvia). Zoologica Scripta 42: 278-287.