Print Fact Sheet

Neritilia vulgaris Kano and Kase, 2003

Diagnostic features

A minute globose shell with a bluntly angled periphery. This species is much smaller in size compared to the any of the Australian freshwater Neritidae.

Classification

Neritilia vulgaris Kano and Kase, 2003

Class Gastropoda

Subclass Neritimorpha

Superfamily Helicinoidea

Family Neritiliidae Schepman, 1908 

Genus Neritilia Martens, 1875 (type speciesNeritina rubida Pease, 1865) (= Calceolina A. Adams, 1863 (preocc.), Calceolata Iredale, 1918).

Original name: Neritilia vulgaris Kano and Kase, 2003. Kano Y. & Kase T. (2003). Systematics of the Neritilia rubida complex (Gastropoda: Neritiliidae): three amphidromous species with overlapping distributions in the Indo-Pacific. Journal of Molluscan Studies 69: 273-284.

Type locality: Unnamed stream south of Sonai, Irimote Island, Yaeyama Islands, Okinawa, Japan.

Biology and ecology

Freshwater streams and rivers close to the sea reaching into brackish water. In Australia this species has been found on mud and leaves in shallow water in Bamboo Creek junction with Daly River, Northern Territory. Lays single egg capsule covered in sand grains. Larvae pelagic.

Distribution

Tropical and subtropical Indo Pacific rivers and streams. In Australia, this species has so far only been found in the Northern Territory.

Further reading

Kano, Y. & Kase, T. (2003). Systematics of the Neritilia rubida complex (Gastropoda: Neritiliidae): three amphidromous species with overlapping distributions in the Indo-Pacific. Journal of Molluscan Studies 69: 273-284.