Shells are elongate, slender and solid with up to nine or more convex whorls. The whorls are usually corroded apically often giving the shell a truncated appearance. The suture is shallow or flush with the whorls. The surface of the shell is almost smooth, only a few spiral lines are visible. Occasionally there are weak axial ribs on the upper half of the whorls. The aperture is a broad oval. Some specimens have pronounced angulated shoulders on the whorls. There is no umbilicus. The colour varies from light brown to yellowish green with a few spots, speckles and flammulations on the apical whorls to dark brown or black. The operculum is oval and paucispiral.
Genus Stenomelania Fischer, 1885
Type species: Melania aspirans Hinds, 1844
Original reference: Fischer, P.H. 1885 (in) Tryon, G.W, (ed.) Manual of conchology, structural and systematic with illustrations of the species. Philadelphia: 701
Type locality: Fiji.
Occurs in stagnant as well as running waters in coastal rivers, creeks and reservoirs, commonly feeding on detritus. Usually found half buried in sand or amongst pebbles.
Widespread through the south western Pacific. In Australia, the genus occurs across the tropical and subtropical north.
Some species of Stenomelania are similar in appearance to Melanoides tuberculata, and may be difficult to tell apart. However the two Australian species of Stenomelania can be separated by less distinct to absent spiral sculpture, usually a monochrome shell and, in one species, usually, a weak to strong shoulder just below the suture and in the other a concave upper part of the whorl.
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