Key to North American Staphylinidae Subfamilies

 

 

The rove beetles (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae) are the largest beetle family with over 52,000 species worldwide. The family is divided into 32 subfamilies, 26 of which are found in the new world.

 

Newton et al. (2001) is by far the best resource on staphylinids for North America, although much is left to be done. Two continually updated and refined (perhaps even by you, dear reader) online resources are Bugguide.net and wikipedia.org.

 

Often the first step is the hardest. Assuming what you're trying to identify actually is a rove beetle (Staphylinidae: BugGuide, Wikipedia), the next step is to figure out what subfamily it belongs to.

 

The purpose of this key is to facilitate identification of adult North American staphylinids to subfamily. The key is largely based on Moore and Legner (1979), Newton et al. (2001), and O’Keefe (2001).

 

 

Staphylinidae:

 

Aleocharinae

1385 spp.

BugGuide   Wikipedia

 

Dasycerinae

4 spp.

BugGuide   Wikipedia

Empelinae

1 sp. MCZ

BugGuide   Wikipedia

Euaesthetinae

22 spp.

BugGuide   Wikipedia

Habrocerinae

3 spp.

BugGuide   Wikipedia

 

Leptotyphlinae

13 spp.

BugGuide   Wikipedia

Megalopsidiinae

2 spp.

BugGuide   Wikipedia

Micropeplinae

15 spp.

BugGuide   Wikipedia

Olisthaerinae

2 spp.

BugGuide   Wikipedia

 

Omaliinae

200+ spp.

BugGuide   Wikipedia

Osoriinae

31 spp.

BugGuide   Wikipedia

Oxyporinae

14 spp.

BugGuide   Wikipedia

Oxytelinae

262 spp.

BugGuide   Wikipedia

 

Paederinae

436 spp.

BugGuide   Wikipedia

Phloeocharinae

6 spp.

BugGuide   Wikipedia

Piestinae

5 spp.

BugGuide   Wikipedia

Proteininae

22 spp.

BugGuide   Wikipedia

 

Pselaphinae

710 spp.

BugGuide   Wikipedia

Pseudopsinae

12 spp.

BugGuide   Wikipedia

Scaphidiinae

70 spp.

BugGuide   Wikipedia

Scydmaeninae

217 spp.

BugGuide   Wikipedia

 

Staphylininae

546 spp.

BugGuide   Wikipedia

Steninae

169 spp.

BugGuide   Wikipedia

Tachyporinae

195 spp.

BugGuide   Wikipedia

Trichophyinae

4 spp.

BugGuide   Wikipedia

 

Trigonurinae

7 spp.

BugGuide   Wikipedia

 

 

 

 

 

Acknowledgements

 

Funding for this research was made possible by donations from backers to the project "Lucid Key to Staphylinidae Subfamilies" posted at Experiment.com <https://experiment.com/projects/staphsubfamilies>.

 

 

 

References Cited

 

Moore, I., and E. F. Legner. 1979. An illustrated guide to the genera of the Staphylinidae of America north of Mexico, exclusive of the Aleocharinae (Coleoptera). University of California division of Agricultural Sciences Priced Publication, 4093: 1–332.

 

Newton, A. F., Jr., M. K. Thayer, J. S. Ashe, and D. S. Chandler. 2001 [2000]. 22. Staphylinidae Latreille, 1802. p. 272–418. In: R. H. Arnett, Jr., and M. C. Thomas (eds.). American beetles, Volume 1. CRC Press; Boca Raton, FL. ix + 443 p.

 

O’Keefe, S. T. 2001 [2000]. 20. Scydmaenidae Leach, 1815. p. 259–267. In: R. H. Arnett, Jr., and M. C. Thomas (eds.). American beetles, Volume 1. CRC Press; Boca Raton, FL. ix + 443 p.

 

 

 

Suggested citation:

 

Ferro, M. L., M. K. Thayer, A. F. Newton, Jr., and J-S. Park. 2015. Key to North American Staphylinidae subfamilies. Available from: http://keys.lucidcentral.org/keys/v3/nastaphylinidae (Accessed Day, Month, Year).

 

Questions, comments, corrections, etc. should be emailed to Mike at spongymeosphyll@gmail.com