Chilocorus circumdatus (Gyllenhal)

 

Egg Early instar larva Full-grown larva Pupa Adult

 

Nomenclature

Coccinella circumdatus Gyllenhal, in Schönherr, 1808: 152.

Chilocorus circumdatus: Mulsant, 1850: 454.-Crotch, 1874: 186.-Korschefsky, 1932: 242.


 Diagnosis

Length 4.50-5.10 mm, width 4.10-4.70mm. Form  circular, hemispherical, strongly convex. Dorsum uniformly orange yellow to ochre, lateral margins of elytra with a narrow black border. Ventral side uniformly orange yellow. Life stages as illustrated. 


Distribution

India: Assam; Himachal Pradesh; Jammu & Kashmir; Karnataka; Kerala; Tamil Nadu; Uttar Pradesh; West Bengal. Sri Lanka. Nepal. Indonesia. Introduced and established in Australia (Houston, 1991), China (Hong Kong) (Swezey, 1925), Hawaii (Timberlake, 1943), Israel (Ofek et al., 1997), Cyprus, South Africa, Bermuda, and Florida, USA(?) (CABI, 2003).


Prey/associated habitat

HOMOPTERA: Coccoidea: Aonidiella aurantii (Maskell), Aonidiella orientalis (Newstead), Aspidiotus destructor Signoret, Aspidiotus nerii Bouché, Aulacaspis rosarum Borchsenius, Chrysomphalus aonidum (Linnaeus) (=C. ficus Ashmead), Coccus viridis (Green), Lepidosaphes beckii (Newman), Lepidosaphes gloverii (Packard), Lepidosaphes piperis (Green), Parlatoria pergandii Comstock, Pinnaspis aspidistrae (Signoret), Pinnaspis buxi (Bouché), Pinnaspis dysoxyli (Maskell) (as Hemichionaspis minor Maskell), Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (Targioni Tozzetti), Rutherfordia major (Cockerell), Saissetia coffeae (Walker), and Unaspis citri (Comstock). Frequently associated with scale insects infesting tea, coffee, pepper, and other plantation crops, mulberry, and citrus. More common in cooler climates and plantations at high altitudes than in plains.


Seasonal occurrence

Collected during July-August, September-October, December-January.


References