Cymbopogon obtectus S.T.Blake
Cymbopogon Spreng., Pl. Min. Cogn. Pug. 2: 14 (1815); from the Greek kumbe (boat) and pogon (beard), alluding to the boat-shaped spatheoles subtending the hairy racemes.
obtectus- from the Latin obtego (conceal). Segregated from a closely related species.
Univ. Queensland Dept. Biol. Pap. 2(3): 55 (1944).
Perennial, tufted. Basal leaf sheaths pubescent, persistent and investing base of culm. Culms 50100 cm tall, 12-noded. Mid-culm nodes glabrous or pubescent. Ligule an eciliate membrane, 35 mm long. Leaf-blades flat or conduplicate or revolute, 1535 cm long, 13 mm wide, aromatic. Leaf-blade margins scaberulous. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
Inflorescences arranged within a synflorescence. Inflorescence terminal and axillary, subtended by a spatheole, enclosed. Spatheole 23.2 cm long, herbaceous. Peduncle 0.51 cm long. Rames paired, deflexed, 1.52.5 mm wide. Central inflorescence axis 725 cm long. Rhachis fragile at the nodes, semiterete, villous on surface, villous on margins. Rhachis hairs 4.57 mm long. Rame internodes linear, 2.754 mm long. Rame internode tip transverse, cupiliform. Rame-bases flattened, subequal.
Spikelets in pairs, one sessile and fertile and the other (companion) spikelet pedicelled. Pedicels linear, semiterete, 2.754 mm long, villous on surface, with 4.57 mm long hairs. Basal sterile spikelets well-developed, 2 in lower raceme, 0 in upper racemes, sessile and pedicelled. Basal sterile spikelet pedicels free, linear. Basal sterile spikelets barren (lacking florets), equalling fertile. Companion spikelets developed, sterile, comprising 2 unequal glumes without lemmas or containing empty lemmas, lanceolate or ovate, 35 mm long, shorter than fertile, deciduous with the fertile. Companion spikelet glumes chartaceous, 1113-nerved, glabrous, acute, muticous. Companion spikelet lemmas 2, enclosed by glumes. Fertile spikelets 2-flowered, comprising 1 fertile floret, lower floret sterile, upper fertile, without rhachilla extension, lanceolate or elliptic or oblong or obovate, dorsally compressed, acute, 56.4 mm long, 11.2 mm wide, falling entire, deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded, base obtuse, inserted. Spikelet callus hairs 45 mm long.
Glumes dissimilar, firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate, 100% of length of spikelet, chartaceous, 2-keeled, keeled laterally, wingless, 05-nerved. Lower glume intercarinal nerves distinct, 25 in number. Lower glume surface concave. Lower glume surface impressed below. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate, 1-keeled, 57-nerved. Upper glume margins ciliolate. Upper glume apex acute.
Basal sterile florets 1, without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate or oblong or ovate, 3.74.5 mm long, hyaline, 23-nerved, ciliolate on margins, acute. Fertile lemma lanceolate, 3.64.5 mm long, hyaline, 13-nerved. Lemma apex lobed, 2-fid, incised 1533% of lemma length, 1-awned. Median (principal) awn from a sinus, straight or geniculate, 68 mm long overall, without a column or with a straight or slightly twisted column. Column glabrous. Palea absent or minute. Anthers 3, 1.72 mm long. Grain with adherent pericarp, orbicular.
Western Australia, Northern Territory, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria.
Western Australia: Fitzgerald, Hall, Dampier, Canning, Carnegie, Giles, Fortescue, Ashburton, Carnarvon, Austin, Irwin, Drummond, Dale, Eyre, Roe, Avon, Coolgardie. Northern Territory: Victoria River, Barkly Tableland, Central Australia North, Central Australia South. South Australia: North-western, Lake Eyre, Gairdner-Torrens Basin, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Southern Lofty. Queensland: Cook, Burke, North Kennedy, South Kennedy, Port Curtis, Leichhardt, Burnett, Darling Downs, Moreton, Gregory North, Gregory South, Mitchell, Warrego, Maranoa. New South Wales: North Coast, Northern Tablelands, North-Western Slopes, Central-Western Slopes, North-Western Plains, South-Western Plains, North Far Western Plains. Victoria: Murray Mallee, Riverina.
Endemic. A species occurring in drier regions of Australia. Flowers all year.
© K. Sparshott
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