The posterior body segment of an insect.head between the eyes and above the mouth. They act as sensory organs.
The front end, or in front of.
CCarrion refers to the carcass of a dead animal. Many organisms utilise this source of organic matter as food, or for reproduction.
The type of eye found in insects. It is made up of numerous photosensitive structures called ommatidia.species.species that can be found almost anywhere in the world.
The basal, or first, segment of the leg (plural coxae).
A taxon that is still living. Opposite to extinct.
A species that uses a resource, but does not rely on it for survival. A facultative carrion species does not require carrion to complete its development, but may use it. Facultative is the opposite to an obligate user.
Plural femurfamily Sarcophagidae.
Gfamily and species. Genera can be further divided into sub-genera.
HDiptera and Strepsiptera have halteres. In flies, the hind wing has been modified into the haltere, and it is located on the metathorax. It probably stabilises the insect during flight, and enhances steering.
Head:The anterior body segment of an insect. The head is where the compound eye, antennae and mouth parts are located.
Hybridisation refers to the process of interbreeding between two taxonomically distinct groups. Most commonly, this refers to intraspecific hybridisation, where members of the same species, but different sub-species reproduce. Interspecies hybridisation occurs between two different species.
The taxonomic class to which insects belong. Insecta is classified within the phylum Arthropoda and sub-phylum Hexapoda.
An instar is a juvenile developmental stage of insects. In flies, larvae usually pass through three larval instars before pupation.invertebrate is an organism without a backbone.
Larviposition occurs when an insect lays live larvae instead of eggs.
Legs:Insects have three pairs of legs, which are connected to the thoracic segment of the body.
Towards the midline.Dorsal portion of the mesothorax.thorax, posterior to prothorax and anterior to metathorax. In flies, the mesothorax is extremely large and well developed. In all flying insects, the forewings are attached to the mesothorax.larva to an adult. In flies, metamorphosis occurs inside the puparium, where the larva transforms into an adult.posterior thoracic segment, to which are attached the third pair of legs and the hindwings (or halteres in Diptera).sheep strike.
An ecological unit corresponding to an organisms relative position within an ecosystem.
Oobligate user requires a certain resource to complete its lifecycle, or to survive. Obligate carrion-breeding flies require carrion as a larval substrate.
The compound eyes of insects are composed of photoreceptive units called ommatidia. Ommatidia are hexagonal in shape and contain clusters of photoreceptive cells which are connected to the brain via nerve cells (axons).Order is a taxonomic group below phylum and above family. Flies belong to the order Diptera.Oviparous organisms lay eggs, and most of the egg's development occurs outside the mother.
Oviposition refers to the action of laying eggs
The process where larval development occurs inside an egg that is retained within the mother until it is deposited. The larvae therefore hatch almost immediately following laying.
Pspecies (O: Hymenoptera) are parasitoids of fly larvae, whilst many flies are parasitoids of gastropods, such as snails, and annelid worms. anterior.
A primary coloniser/invader of carrion is an organism that infests fresh carcasses before decomposition has progressed to an advanced state. A primary initiator of myiasis is an organism that initiates myiasis.anterior segment of the thorax. In flies, this segment is greatly reduced.
The part of an appendage closest to the body.metamorphosis. In higher flies, this stage is spent within a puparium.instar larvae that forms the protective casing when the insect is undergoing metamorphosis.
The process of hardening the larval or adult cuticle. For example, this occurs to form the puparium during pupariation.secondary invader of carrion is an organism that infests a carcass at an advanced stage of decomposition, usually after other species have infested it. Secondary myiasis species are often those that invade living tissue after myiasis has been initiated by a primary species.species that will invade the living tissue of sheep, causing myiasis or sheep strike. They pose a significant economic problem in the Australian sheep industry.myiasis in sheep.
A close relative of a species that may be extremely similar morphologically and behaviourally.
Species is a taxonomic rank that groups individuals that usually occur in sympatry, and can interbreed. Species exist in populations, and although, populations may differ slightly in their morphology and behaviour, they are still capable of interbreeding. Therefore, a species may be further divided into sub-species.
The external opening of an insect's breathing system.
An ecological distribution pattern where two taxa overlap in geographical occurence.species that cluster preferentially around human settlements.
Ttarsus is the terminal segment of an insect leg. Tarsi are usually subdivided into tarsomeres.thorax is further divided into the prothorax, mesothorax and metathorax. Each of these segments consists of a pair of legs. The forewings and hindwings are attached to the mesothorax and metathorax, respectively.coxa and femur.
The lower surface of an organism. The opposite to dorsal.