Both sexes fully winged. Body yellow with brown marking medially on tergites III–VII, sternites without brown markings but antecostal ridges on tergites and sternites dark brown; fore wings usually strongly shaded but paler toward apex; antennal segment I pale, II shaded, III–VIII dark. Antennae 8-segmented, III and IV each with forked sense cone. Head about twice as wide as long, postocular and ocellar region closely striate; ocellar setae pair III arise between posterior ocelli, well behind tangent between their anterior margins; two pairs of post-ocellar setae as long as ocellar setae pair III. Pronotum closely striate, posteromarginal setae S2 clearly longer than S1. Metanotal sculpture usually with irregular longitudinal reticulate striations, median pair of setae far behind anterior margin. Fore wing scale with 4 marginal setae; second vein with 2 setae; posteromarginal fringe cilia all straight. Tergites III–V with bases of median setae usually closer together than length of these setae; tergal microtrichial fields with 3 discal setae; VIII with discal microtrichia present anteromedially, posteromarginal comb complete; tergite IX with discal microtrichia present posteromedially. Sternites with microtrichia extending across median area on posterior half.
Male macroptera. Similar to female in colour and sculpture, but smaller; tergite IX without lateral drepanae.
The genus Scirtothrips comprises over 100 described species worldwide, mostly in warmer countries. These species resemble species of Neohydatothrips in having the lateral thirds of the abdominal tergites covered in closely spaced rows of fine microtrichia, but the most closely similar genus is Drepanothrips. S. dorsalis is unusual in the genus in having microtrichia extending fully across the sternites, and in having the fore wing cilia straight rather than wavy. DNA sequence analysis suggests that S. dorsalis represents a complex of mainly cryptic species (Dickey et al., 2015), though this remains unresolved taxonomically in the absence of clear demonstrations of biological differences between these molecular segregates.
Feeding and breeding on the leaves of its host plants, and a pest in the tropics on a wide range of crop plants in many different plant families, from lotus and chillies, to cotton and tea.
This is a quarantine-listed pest species that is frequently intercepted at airports by the Plant Health Service of England and Wales. A population has been present within the Palm House at the Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew, since 2008, and still remains subject to official control measures (Scott-Brown et al., 2018). This was the only known population in Europe until the species was found outdoors in citrus and pomegranite production near Valencia, Spain, in late 2016 (EPPO Global Database, 2017b). This Oriental pest species has otherwise become widespread around the tropical and sub-tropical parts of the world.
THRIPIDAE - THRIPINAE
Scirtothrips dorsalis Hood
Scirtothrips dorsalis Hood, 1919: 90
Heliothrips minutissimus Bagnall, 1919: 260
Anaphothrips andreae Karny, 1925: 24
Neophysopus fragariae Girault, 1927: 1
Scirtothrips dorsalis var. padmae Ramakrishna, 1942: 169
Dickey AM, Kumar V, Hoddle MS, Funderburk JE, Morgan J K, Jara-Cavieres A, Shatters RG Jr., Osborne LS & McKenzie CL (2015) The Scirtothrips dorsalis species complex: endemism and invasion in a global pest. PLoS ONE 10 (4): e0123747.
EPPO Global Database (2017b) EPPO Reporting Service no. 07 - 2017 Num. article: 2017/129.
Scott-Brown AS, Hodgetts J, Hall J, Simmonds MJS and Collins DW (2018) Potential role of botanic garden collections in predicting hosts at risk globally from invasive pests: a case study using Scirtothrips dorsalis. Journal of Pest Science 91 (2): 601–611.