Authors & Acknowlegements


Invertebrate pests of maize in East Africa (IPMEA) was developed by Makerere University and TPRI under the BioNET UVIMA Project (Taxonomy for Development in East Africa) managed by BioNET-EAFRINET (led by National Museums of Kenya) and the BioNET Secretariat (hosted by CABI). The UVIMA Project was funded by SwedBio (The Swedish International Biodiversity Programme) and SDC (Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation).

BioNET-EAFRINET (EAFRINET) is the Eastern African Regional LOOP (Locally Owned and Operated Partnership) of BioNET-INTERNATIONAL (BioNET). EAFRINET is a network of regional institutions and individuals who are committed to meeting locally defined taxonomic needs. EAFRINET is coordinated regionally through the National Museums of Kenya (NMK). Makerere University is the EAFRINET National Coordinating Institute for Uganda and TPRI is the EAFRINET National Coordinating Institute for Tanzania.

In addition to being an author of this product, John Mauremootoo, BioNET Secretariat's Regional Partnership Officer, and UVIMA Project Manager, was instrumental in facilitating the development of this product through the provision of technical and logistical support. Kornelia Rassmann, BioNET Secretariat’s Global Programme Officer, provided guidance and input and Cindy Blench, BioNET Secretariat Office Manager, provided administrative support throughout. Bernard Risky Agwanda, Head of Mammalogy Section at NMK, and UVIMA Project Regional Coordinator, together with Patricia Karani, UVIMA Project Administrator has provided essential logistical support throughout. Richard Smith (Director BioNET Secretariat) had overall responsibility for this product as the UVIMA Project Leader.

Mathew Taylor (Director of CBIT, The University of Queensland) led a workshop in Arusha, Tanzania (November 2010), in which the authors were trained in the use of Lucid Builder and Fact Sheet Fusion. The workshop was co-facilitated by Marinda Koekemoer of the South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI). Mathew and the team at CBIT continued to provide guidance during the development of this product and with assistance from Jessica Tsai (Senior Multimedia Producer of CBIT, The University of Queensland) in design all the graphical interfaces. Richard Smith (Director BioNET Secretariat) and Geoff Norton (Associate Director of CBIT, The University of Queensland) were instrumental in establishing the technical cooperation between CBIT and BioNET through discussions and the participation of Geoff Norton in UVIMA Project activities.

Critical evaluation and feedback of draft versions of IPMEA was given by Fabian Haas of icipe and Regional Thematic Leader (Pests) for the UVIMA Project.

The BioNET-EAFRINET Coordination team (Regional – Wanja Kinthia; Kenya - Emily Wabuyele assisted by George Mugambi; Tanzania – Neduvoto Mollel assisted by Maneno Chidege and the former National Coordinator Afihini Ijani; Uganda – Herbert Talwana assisted by Anne Akol) have built and maintained the network to create a positive enabling environment to allow this work to happen. In addition Stella Simiyu has helped to build the network and was instrumental in developing and leading the UVIMA Project and building the regional teams that have worked so effectively.

For more information, or comments, please contact the BioNET-EAFRINET Regional Coordinator: [email protected].

Image credits

All of the digital photographs, drawings, and plates in IPMEA are used with the permission of the copyright owners, who are acknowledged in image captions. Thanks are due to the following photographers, organizations and/or businesses who generously allowed use of their digital images (see the Copyright notice for information about use of images and other content):


Copyright for the Invertebrate pests of maize in East Africa (Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania) key and fact sheets (IPMEA) is owned by CAB INTERNATIONAL (CABI), Makerere University – Uganda and the Tropical Pesticides Research Institute – Tanzania (TPRI). However, the material is being made available under the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial l - Share Alike license (CC-BY-NC version 3.0), which will permit free use of the material for non-commercial purposes with appropriate attribution (see below – citation).

Creative Commons - Share Alike license


You can copy, distribute, display, and perform this copyrighted work - and derivative works based upon it - but only if Makerere University, TPRI, BioNET-EAFRINET, CABI & The University of Queensland are given appropriate attribution (see below - citation).


You can copy, distribute, display, and perform this work - and derivative works based upon it - but for noncommercial purposes only unless permission is granted by the copyright owner or photographer of material used.

Share Alike

You can distribute derivative works only under a license identical to the license that governs this work.

Exceptions to Creative Commons

Exceptions include trademarks, logos and other identifying marks. Trademarks, logos and other identifying remarks may not be reused or redistributed without prior written consent from each relevant organisation.

Exceptions for copyright content

This site also contains information, text, and images that may be protected by copyright. Sources of information and text are mentioned in the Acknowledgements. In most instances, the origin of images has been indicated in image captions and in the Acknowledgements. Users must seek permission from the copyright owner(s) to use this material. Note that photographs taken, although not preceded by a copyright symbol in captions, may be protected by copyright. Links to the Internet sites of some individuals and institutions are available on the Acknowledgements page.

Contact [email protected] if you need assistance identifying or locating the copyright owner.


Akol A.M., Chidege M.Y., Talwana H.A.L. & Mauremootoo J.R. (May 2011) Invertebrate pests of maize in East Africa (Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania), Lucid v. 3.5 key and fact sheets. Makerere University, TPRI, BioNET-EAFRINET, CABI & The University of Queensland (September 2011)



Makerere University, TPRI, BioNET-EAFRINET, CABI & The University of Queensland do not assume any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information contained on this site.

External links

Some web pages on this site provide links to other Internet sites for the convenience of users. Makerere University and TPRI are not responsible for the availability or content of these external sites, nor do Makerere University and TPRI endorse or warrant the products, services, or information described or offered by these other Internet sites.