Home   Open the Key     References  
           
Apleurotropis Girault, 1913
 
   
  A. sp., female
     
   
 
 
     
     

Distribution

     

Biology

     

Comments

     
       
           

Classification

 

Subfamily

Tribe

Entedoninae

Entedonini

           
 
 
 

Diagnosis

 


   
 
Fore wing with submarginal vein with 2 setae dorsally. Postmarginal vein (PMV) present and usually slightly longer than stigmal vein (STV).
Antenna with funicle 3- and club 2- segmented in both sexes. Male scape with sensory pores restricted ventrally.
Head with large eyes. Fronto-facial suture distinctly separated from anterior ocellus, transverse and straight.
Pronotum with transverse carina. Notauli usually incomplete, but sometimes notauli complete but weak. Mesoscutum with median groove placed in posterior half. Scutellum slightly sculptured, with a single pair of setae and without longitudinal lines. Propodeum with a median carina and plica. Callus with 2 hairs.
Petiole distinct.
Coloration usually dark to dark metallic.

 
         
     
 
 

Distribution


 

Apleurotropis is a relatively small genus recorded in the Australasian, Afrotropical and Oriental regions (Noyes, 2001).

         
 
 

Biology

     

Apleurotropis species are parasitoids of leafmining sawflies, Lepidoptera, Agromyzidae, and hispine chrysomelid beetles (Schauff et al., 1998). A. kumatai (Kamijo) was recovered from Liriomyza spp. (Agromyzidae) in Japan (Murphy & La Salle, 1999).

       
                                       
 
 

Comments

 
Apleurotropis, having 2 setae on submarginal vein, scutellum with a pair of setae, fronto-facial suture distinctly separated from anterior ocellus and male scape with sensory pores placed at the ventral edge, belongs to the subfamily of Entedoninae.
Apleurotropis, as Pleurotroppsis, may be distinguished from Achrysocharoides, Neochrysocharis, Chrysocharis, Asecodes, Trisecodes and Closterocerus by having a transverse carina on pronotum, a median longitudinal groove placed posteriorly on mesoscutum, a single median carina and plica on propodeum. Pediobius (always) and Proacrias (often) have pronotum with transverse carina as well, but they don’t have line on mesoscutum and have a median pair of carinae on propodeum. Apleurotropis appears very close to Pleurotroppopsis and Kratoysma Boucek, Platocharis Kerrich, Zaommomentedon Girault. All these genera attack leafminers (mainly Lepidoptera), and have fronto-facial suture transverse and straight, pronotum with strong transverse carina and propodeum with distinct plica. However, Zaommomentedon has mesoscutum and scutellum with complete and distinct median groove and doesn’t have median carina on propodeum, Platocharis has diverging submedian carinae or plicae and transverse carina between submedian carina and plicae and Kratoysma has scutellum strongly sculptured with broad median groove anteriorly (Schauff et al., 1998). Finally, the main characters to distinguish Apleurotropis from Pleurotropposis can be the presence of a pair of lateral longitudinal grooves on the scutellum and callus with many hairs in Pleurotropposis, while Apleurotropis doesn’t have grooves on scutellum and has callus with 2 hairs, according to Boucek (1988) and Kamijo (1990b).
                       
                                                             
                         
 
                                                             
     
 
 

 

Copyright 2005, CSIRO Australia
October 2005
webmaster@ento.csiro.au
Use of this web site and information
available from it is subject to our
Legal Notice and Disclaimer