(SMV) with 2 or more setae dorsally. Postmarginal
(PMV) very short, less than 0.5 the length of the
stigmal one (STV).
Female antenna with 1-3 anelli
(usually 2-3) discoid or laminar and funicle
and club 3-segmented. Male antenna with ventral plaque
on scape; funicle
4-segmented and with or without subbasal whorls of short
present and usually distinctly curved.
usually with two or more irregular rows
of adnotaular setae, sometimes with only one row, and with
or without median longitudinal line. Scutellum
with two pairs of setae and usually two pairs of longitudinal
lines (submedian, sublateral). Propodeum with median
present or absent, plica absent; spiracles
circular to oval, small to moderate-sized, with the whole
rim exposed; callus
with 3 or more setae (rarely 2). Petiole not distinct.
Gaster with cercal
subequal in length, straight or slightly curved
and short. Ovipositor usually not projecting.
weakly to strongly metallic.