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Subfamily Entedoninae
     
Eulophidae
 

Diagnosis - Scutellum with only a single pair of setae. Submarginal vein with 2 setae on dorsal margin. Notauli generally incomplete or absent, but may be present in some species known as leafminers parasitoids. Fronto-facial sutures, when present, situated near middle of face and distinctly removed from median ocellus. Marginal vein (MV) relatively long and stigmal vein (STV) relatively short.


Classification and distribution - The Entedoninae is one of the two largest subfamilies of the Eulophidae, with almost 1200 species in 85 genera. Members are common and abundant in all geographic realms. It is currently divided into two tribes: the Entedonini contains most of the genera and species (including all genera known to attack leafminers), and the Euderomphalini (La Salle & Schauff, 1994; Hansson & La Salle, 2003; Hernández-Suárez et al., 2003) contains a small number of genera and species which are all parasitoids of whiteflies.


Identification - Keys to genera of Entedoninae are available for Australasia (Boucek, 1988), North America (Schauff et al., 1997) and for Holarctic region (Schauff, 1991). Gauthier et al. (2000) provided a list all genera in this subfamily. Noyes (2003) provided an electronic catalogue for the Universal Chalcidoidea.


Biology - Entedoninae are all internal parasitoids, often attacking young or small host stages. Several genera are predominantly parasitoids of leafminers, such as Achrysocharoides (mainly on Lepidoptera), and Chrysocharis, Closterocerus, and Neochrysocharis (on a variety of leafminer hosts). Other genera have wider biological ranges, but contain leafminer parasitoids, as Pediobius and Asecodes.

   

 

 

 
                   
Entedoninae
Euderinae
Eulophinae
Cirrospilini
 
   
Elasmini
   
     
Eulophini
 
Tetrastichinae
     
                 
           
   
                 
                     
     
 
 

 

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