- High nutritive value and productive throughout year. Some tolerance of salinity. Free of oestrogen risks
- Poor regeneration; intolerant of heavy frost
Plant: Erect, annual with short tap root; grows to 750 mm
Stems: Slender, hollow, branched.
Leaves: plain, trifoliate, slightly hairy on both surfaces; oval leaflets with, near the tip, serrated margins
Flowers: oval/cone shaped, ~2cm diameter, numerous, cream
Pods: contain 1-2 seeds
Seeds: oval, yellow/red-brown; ~350,000/kg
Pasture type and use
Where it grows
Good heat tolerance; low cold tolerance. The least winter hardy of the cultivated clovers. It should not be grown in areas where winter temperatures commonly go as low as 6°C.
Grasses: Italian ryegrass
Legumes: Persian, balansa, arrowleaf clovers
Sowing/planting rates as single species
8-10 kg/ha (10-15 kg/ha if irrigated); sow at 15-20 mm into a clean, finely worked seed bed and roll
Sowing/planting rates in mixtures
Apply ~20kg P/ha annually and correct any nutrient deficiencies, especially K, Mo, Cu, S.
For optimum growth Olsen soil P > 15
More suited to cutting/fodder conservation; quick regrowth and good aftermath - on suitable soils. Rotationally grazing in cool season when 15-20 cm tall; this stimulates tillering. If sown with grass must graze late winter/early spring to allow clover to contribute later. Set residues at 2-3 cm (winter) and 4-5 cm (spring) to avoid over grazing.
Ability to spread
Poor recruitment; no hard seed
Low. Seed very susceptible to false breaks.
Red legged earthmite, blue-green aphid, spotted alfalfa aphid, heliothis, blue oat mite.
Some cultivars susceptible to leaf and stem blight and clover scorch - Pythium, Phytophthora and Kabatialla caulivora
Glyphosate. Damaged by most broad-leaf herbicides
High; high protein content
Good autumn, winter, spring
Low isoflavone conetent - no risk to breeding livestock. Low risk of bloat.
Denotes that this variety is protected by Plant Breeder's Rights Australia
Departments of Agriculture, Seed companies
Author and date
KFM Reed, July 9th 2008