- Drought tolerant and very persistent in low rainfall environments.
- Tolerant of heavy grazing.
- Heavy seed production even under grazing and can thicken through seedling recruitment.
- Tolerant of alkaline clay soils.
- Very high level of hardseed, requires treatment before planting.
- Specific rhizobium requirement.
- High leaf loss under dry or cold conditions.
Stems: Green and hairless, angular with corky ridges.
Leaves: Bipinnate usually with 2-4 pairs of pinnae, leaflets small (2.4-7.0mm long and 0.7-1.6mm wide) with 13 to 19 pairs of leaflets/pinnae, a yellow/green gland on petiole below first pair of pinnae.
Flowers: Small white/cream in bundles.
Pods: Straight up to 60mm long, 2-valved, pale green when immature and mid brown when ripe, containing 18 to 28 seeds.
Seeds: Small, mid to dark brown, oval shaped, about 400,000 seeds/kg.
Pasture type and use
Where it grows
550 to 1000 mm AAR.
Defoliated by heavy frosts but regrows quickly when moisture is adequate in spring.
Sowing/planting rates as single species
Not recommended for planting as a single species.
Sowing/planting rates in mixtures
1 to 2kg/ha of scarified seed planted no deeper than 20mm.
Spring to summer.
Specific inoculum (CB3126).
Depending on soil analysis may respond to P, S, Mo, Cu and Mn.
Tolerant of heavy grazing.
400 to 500 kg/ha by direct harvesting. It flowers early and is a prolific seed producer. There is potential for higher seed yields.
Ability to spread
Limited. It has no unique characteristics that allow it to spread. It is early flowering and has high seed yields which result in high soil seed reserves. This leads to thickening in planted areas and slow spread from original plantings. There is likely to be some ingestion of ripe pods and spread by grazing animals.
Minor in disturbed areas.
Psyllid insects (Accizia spp.) can cause leaf yellowing and reduce seed yields.
No information available.
Leaf is high in crude protein (18-24%) and has high digestibility (Acid detergent fibre of < 20%).
Well eaten through the growing season.
In the 650 to 750mm rainfall zone forage yields can be up to 2500kg/ha/year. In perennial grass-legume pastures yields of about 1000kg/ha/year are the norm. Steer liveweight gains of 160 to 240 kg/head/year have been measured on grass-desmanthus pasture. Increased wool production when fed as a supplement to sheep grazing Mitchell grass pastures.
None known. Plants have relatively high tannin levels.
|Australian Herbage Plant Cultivars
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