- Fast establishing autumn-winter growing fodder crop with high feeding value
- High leaf to stem ratio
- Opportunities for silage/hay/grain production
- Susceptible to pugging; avoid grazing if waterlogged - regrowth will be compromised
Plant: tufted annual grows to nearly 2m tall
Stems: Stout hollow culm with conspicuous nodes
Leaves: flat & narrow and veined; taper to a fine point. Rolled in bud
Seedhead: large pendulous spikelet, 15-30 mm long; 2-3 florets
Pasture type and use
Sown in autumn for winter bilk. Some varieties suited to multi-uses - e.g. high quality hay export/grain production.Often used to provide weed control and soil preparation prior to renovating with perennial pasture. Robust so often used as a pioneer crop on new land.
Where it grows
> 400 mm
Well drained. Tolerates a broad pH range.
Avoid sowing when soil temperature <12oC or >25oC
Legumes: clovers, peas, vetch, medics
Sowing/planting rates as single species
Sow into a cultivated seedbed to a depth of 35-70 mm at 25 - 120 kg/ha depending on soil type/region and expected rainfall.
Sowing/planting rates in mixtures
15 - 50 kg/ha
Sow late summer/early Autumn. Can be sown dry (sow >50 mm).
Sow with 10 kg P/ha. If using MAP/DAP sow separately from the seed.
35-70 kg N/ha, ensure P, K, S, Zn are adequate
Graze prior to stem elongation. Leave 12 cm residues/lowest stem node. Repeat grazings after a month's recovery. Where yield is high it is usually strip-grazed by dairy cattle along a long front - to minimize trampling losses. A back fence may maximise regrowth.
Widely cultivated grain crop. Prolific seed set if not kept grazed or cut.
Ability to spread
Regenerates from self-sown seed.
Dropped seed may see plants regenerate for a season or two.
Cereal cyst nematode, stem nematode, red-legged earth mite, snails, cereal aphis (re BYDV transmission), cutworms, webworm, lucerne flea, army worm, Bruobia mite, wingless grasshoppers and Australian plague locust
Winter feed typically 70% digestibility, 7-8% crude protein.
Up to 7 t DM/ha by spring where moisture is available and soil fertility is good
Young plants can accumulate a high level of nitrates and lead to nitrite poisoning, especially in cattle. Slow growth, hot dry conditions or frost/hail damage can elevate nitrate level.
|Graza 51||Austgrains Pty Ltd|
|Panfive||Panorama seeds, Pittworth, Qld|
|Moola||Queensland Agricultural Seeds Pty Ltd|
|Graza 80||Austgrains Pty Ltd|
|Riel||Queensland Agricultural Seeds Pty Ltd|
Denotes that this variety is protected by Plant Breeder's Rights Australia
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