- High nutritive value and productive through spring and summer.
- Very grazing-tolerant and persistent.
- Drought and water-logging tolerant; tolerant of salinity.
- Free of oestrogen risks
- Slow to establish; poor winter growth
Stems: Slender, branched.
Leaves: Size varies with cultivar. Plain (minority marked), hairless, trifoliate, glabrous, pubescent lower lamina, nerves parallel and conspicuous at margins. Leaflets 9-15 mm wide and 14-22 mm long.
Flowerhead: numerous; at maturity its creamy bladder shape resembles a strawberry fruit - with brown bits (dried petals)
Flowers: densely clustered, pink, oval/cone shaped, ~6 mm long, numerous, cream. Peduncles 100-220 mm long
Pods: small, ovoid contain 1-2 seeds
Seeds: truncate, lemon/brown; ~800,000/kg; high proportion of hard seed
Pasture type and use
A perennial providing excellent summer feed value where moisture available
Where it grows
Usually used in areas with >650 mm/yr; also used in lower rainfall (>500 mm) on low lying saline land
Tolerant of water-logging and moderately saline soil. Best on neutral to alkaline soil, pH 6-8. Tolerates pH (CaCl2) 4.8 and may respond to liming on acid soils. Persists and provides valuable summer green pick in isolated crab holes/Gilgai on basalt plains
Wide adaption to temperature; good heat tolerance
Legumes: Persian, balansa, white clovers
Sowing/planting rates as single species
1-2 kg/ha; sow scarified seed at 15-20 mm into a clean, finely worked seed bed and roll
Sowing/planting rates in mixtures
Early autumn or spring; low seedling vigour
Apply ~20kg P/ha annually and correct any nutrient deficiencies, especially K, Mo, Cu, S
For optimum growth Olsen soil P > 15
Once established, is very persistent on suitable soils. Tolerates heavy grazing pressure.
Requires soil moisture through summer
Ability to spread
Seed spread by water, birds and livestock
Low; poor seedling vigour makes establishment difficult where other species established.
Relatively tolerant compared to most domesticated clovers
No serious limitations
Glyphosate. Damaged by most broad-leaf herbicides
High protein content; high digestibility
Good autumn, winter, spring
Low isoflavone content - no risk to breeding livestock. May cause bloat in cattle; may increase frequency of urinary calculi in sheep
|Palestine||Australian Herbage Planr CultivarsSeedmark|
|O'Connors (a turf type)||Australian Herbage Plant CultivarsSeedmark|
|Grasslands Onward||AusWest Seeds|
|Grasslands Upward||AusWest Seeds|
Departments of Agriculture, Seed companies
Author and date