Buds and flowers. Australian Plant Image Index, photo: JR Connors, E of Warburton, WA

Tree. Australian Plant Image Index, photo: Murray Fagg, Yathong Nature Reserve, NSW

Trunk. Australian Plant Image Index, photo: Brooker and Kleinig, NW of Nyngan, NSW

Common Name

Western Red Box, Red Box, Inland Red Box, Gum Coolibah, Smooth-barked Coolibah, Gum-barked Coolibah, Bastard Coolibah




Tree to 30m tall, rarely a mallee.  Bark rough at the base of the trunk, smooth above.  No oil glands in the branchlet pith.  Leaves aromatic when crushed, alternating up the branchlets, 5-16cm long, 7-25mm wide, dull and pale to somewhat glaucous, thick, hairless, with pointed tips.  Flower bud caps shorter than the base.  Flowers white to cream, with 0 petals, in clusters of 4-7 in panicles at the ends of the stems, sometimes a few clusters at the bases of the leaves.  Buds and nuts sometimes slightly ribbed longitudinally.  Nut valves not very noticeable.

Description (page 520) and line drawing of buds and nuts (Fig. 55c page 523) in G.M. Cunningham, WE Mulham, PL Milthorpe and J H Leigh (1981 and later printings) Plants of Western New South Wales

Description and photographs in the DVD/thumb drive Euclid

PlantNET description: