Print Fact SheetAndrothrips ramachandrai

Distinguishing features

Both sexes fully winged. Body and legs brown, tarsi yellow, also fore tibiae and apices of mid and hind tibiae; antennal segment III yellow, IV–VI yellow with apex variably brown; fore wings pale. Antennae 8-segmented; segment III with 3 sense cones, IV with 4 sense cones. Head slightly longer than wide; postocular setae long with apex weakly capitate; maxillary stylets retracted to postocular setae, about one third of head width apart. Pronotum with almost no sculpture; 4 pairs of major setae present, anteromarginals minute; paired prosternal basantra present; mesopresternum transverse. Fore femur often enlarged, with rounded tubercle on inner margin near base; fore tarsal tooth often large. Metanotum with weakly linear reticulation. Fore wing weakly constricted medially; about 12 duplicated cilia present. Pelta elongate triangular; tergites II–VII with two pairs of sigmoid wing-retaining setae; tergite IX setae S1 almost as long as tube.
Male smaller; tergite IX setae S2 short and stout.

Related species

The genus Androthrips includes 12 species of which 11 are from the tropics of Asia. These species are similar in structure, and most of them cannot be recognized from their descriptions. A. ramachandrai has the tibiae largely brown. In contrast,  A. monsterae Moulton from northern Australia and New Guinea has the tibiae yellow, and this species appeaars to be widespread across Asia, but under other names (Mound & Minaei, 2007).

Biological data

Breeding within leaf galls induced by other thrips (Boyd & Held, 2006), on which it is possibly predatory. Collected from leaves of Ficus spp [Moraceae], and also Calycopteris [Combretaceae].

Distribution data

Native to India, but introduced to USA (California, Florida, Texas, Hawaii), the Galapagos Islands, also Costa Rica, Brazil and Argentina.

Family name


Species name

Androthrips ramachandrai Karny

Original name and synonyms

Androthrips ramachandrai Karny, 1926: 226.


Boyd DW & Held DW (2006) Androthrips ramachandrai (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae): an introduced thrips in the United States. Florida Entomologist 89 (4): 455–458.

Mound LA & Minaei K (2007) Australian insects of the Haplothrips lineage (Thysanoptera – Phlaeothripinae). Journal of Natural History 41: 2919–2978.