Head & pronotum
Pronotum & thorax
Male tergite VIII–IX
Both sexes fully winged. Body dark brown, tarsi, apices of mid and hind tibiae, also most of fore tibiae yellow; hind tibiae with 2 stout dark apical setae; fore wings brown with basal quarter pale and an extensive pale area sub-apically. antennal segments I–II brownish yellow, III yellow, IV and sometimes V yellow at base; fore wing light brown, pale sub-basally and with sub-apical pale band. Antennae 8-segmented; segment I with pair of dorso-apical setae; III & IV with constricted apical neck, sense cone forked, VIII almost twice as long as VII. Head conspicuously transversely striate/reticulate at posterior, ocellar setae III long, arising just inside triangle; postocular setae not long. Pronotum sometimes with transverse carina parallel to posterior margin, median area weakly transversely reticulate; 2 pairs of long posteroangular setae, outer longer than inner, one pair of anteroangular setae moderately prominent. Mesonotum with transverse reticulation, lateral setae not long. Metanotum reticulate medially, median setae long, at anterior margin, campaniform sensilla present. Mesosternal furca with spinula, metafurca without. Tarsi all 2-segmented. Fore wing first vein with long row of setae before distinct sub-apical gap followed by 2 setae; second vein with complete row of setae; postero-marginal cilia wavy. Abdominal tergites II–VIII with no sculpture medially but lateral thirds with sub-parallel lines, median setae small; VIII with postero-marginal comb of small microtrichia laterally, discal area antero-mesead of spiracle with 2 or more rows of strong microtrichia; tergite X with incomplete longitudinal split. Sternites without discal setae, three pairs of long marginal setae, setal pair S1 on VII arise in front of margin.
Male similar to female but smaller and paler, pronotum usually yellow; legs sometimes almost yellow; tergite IX with pair of short stout setae posterolaterally; sternites with no pore plates.
Although 13 species are listed in this genus, all Old World between Africa and the Pacific, the validity of several is open to doubt (Palmer, 1987). Species in this genus can be securely distinguished from each other only on the structure of males, whereas some described from China are based only on females. M. usitatus is the most common and widespread member of the genus, but females are difficult to distinguish from several other named species. The members of Megalurothrips all breed in the flowers of legumes, mainly Fabaceae, but sometimes in Caesalpineaceae or Mimosaceae. The most closely related genera are the Northern Hemisphere genus, Odontothrips and the Australian genus, Odontothripiella. The species in all three genera breed in the flowers of leguminous plants.
Breeding in the flowers of various Fabaceae, including some bean crops. This thrips causes yield reduction to several legume crops in Asian countries, including mung bean, groundnuts and soybean.
Widespread and common from India to Japan, northern Australia and Fiji, but recorded from the eastern Mediterranean in 2010, and likely to be introduced to California.
THRIPIDAE - THRIPINAE
Megalurothrips usitatus (Bagnall)
Physothrips usitatus Bagnall, 1914: 359
Frankliniella nigricornis Schmutz, 1913: 1020
Frankliniella obscuricornis Schmutz, 1913: 1022
Frankliniella vitata Schmutz, 1913: 1023
Physothrips cinctipennis Bondar, 1916: 217
Physothrips mjobergi Karny, 1920: 37
Taeniothrips longistylus Karny, 1922: 22.
Palmer JM (1987) Megalurothrips in the flowers of tropical legumes: a morphometric study. Pp 480–495, in Holman J, Pelikan J, Dixon AFG & Weismann L. [eds] Population structure, genetics and taxonomy of aphids and Thysanoptera. The Hague (SPB Academic Publishing).