Print Fact SheetLeucanthemum vulgare


Leucanthemum vulgare, Fl. Franç. 2:137. 1779

Common synonyms

Bellis major Garsault; Chamaemelum leucanthemum (L.) E.H.L.Krause; Chrysanthemum dentatum Gilib.; Chrysanthemum ircutianum Turcz.; Chrysanthemum lanceolatum Pers.; Chrysanthemum lanceolatum Vest; Chrysanthemum leucanthemum L.; Chrysanthemum leucanthemum f. leucanthemum; Chrysanthemum leucanthemum subsp. crassifolium (Lange) P.Fourn.; Chrysanthemum leucanthemum subsp. lanceolatum (DC.) E.Mayer; Chrysanthemum leucanthemum subsp. leucanthemum; Chrysanthemum leucanthemum subsp. leucolepis (Briq. & Cavill.) Schinz & Thell.; Chrysanthemum leucanthemum subsp. triviale Gaudin; Chrysanthemum leucanthemum var. boecheri B.Boivin; Chrysanthemum leucanthemum var. leucanthemum; Chrysanthemum leucanthemum var. pinnatifidum Lecoq & Lamotte; Chrysanthemum leucanthemum var. subpinnatifidum Fernald; Chrysanthemum montanum Willd.; Chrysanthemum pratense Salisb.; Chrysanthemum sylvestre Willd.; Chrysanthemum vulgare (Lam.) Gaterau; Chrysanthemum vulgare subsp. boreale (Fisch. ex DC.) Vorosch.; Leucanthemum cantabricum Sennen; Leucanthemum commutatum Timb. & Martrin-Donos; Leucanthemum crassifolium (Lange) Lange; Leucanthemum ircutianum (Turcz.) Turcz.; Leucanthemum ircutianum (Turcz.) Turcz. ex DC.; Leucanthemum ircutianum subsp. asperulum (N.Terracc.) Vogt & Greuter; Leucanthemum ircutianum subsp. cantabricum (Sennen) P.D.Sell; Leucanthemum ircutianum subsp. cantabricum (Sennen) Vogt; Leucanthemum ircutianum subsp. crassifolium (Lange) Vogt; Leucanthemum ircutianum subsp. ircutianum; Leucanthemum ircutianum subsp. leucolepis (Briq. & Cavill.) Vogt & Greuter; Leucanthemum ircutianum subsp. pseudosylvaticum R.Vogt; Leucanthemum ircutianum var. amplifolium (Fiori & Paoletti) Soó; Leucanthemum ircutianum var. ircutianum; Leucanthemum ircutianum var. laticeps (Briq. & Cavill. ex Burnat) Soó; Leucanthemum ircutianum var. pinnatifidum (Lecoq & Lamotte) D.Löve & J.-P.Bernard; Leucanthemum ircutianum var. sylvestre (Pers.) Soó; Leucanthemum lanceolatum DC.; Leucanthemum leucanthemum (L.) Rydb.; Leucanthemum leucolepis (Briq. & Cavill.) Gajic; Leucanthemum leucolepis (Briq. & Cavill.) Horvatie; Leucanthemum leucolepis subsp. asperulum; Leucanthemum leucolepis subsp. leucolepis; Leucanthemum pallens subsp. leucolepis (Briq. & Cavill.) Favarger; Leucanthemum pallens var. crassifolium Lange; Leucanthemum praecox (Harvatic) Harvatic; Leucanthemum praecox (Horvat.) Horvat.; Leucanthemum praecox (Horvatic) Villard; Leucanthemum praecox var. autumnale (Saint-Amans) Villard; Leucanthemum praecox var. rhodopaeum Kuzmanov & R.H.Kestenova; Leucanthemum pseudosylvaticum (Vogt) Vogt & Oberpr.; Leucanthemum rotundifolium (Opiz) Pouzar; Leucanthemum vulgare subsp. cantabricum Sennen; Leucanthemum vulgare subsp. crassifolium (Lange) Rouy; Leucanthemum vulgare subsp. incisum Arcang.; Leucanthemum vulgare subsp. ircutianum (Turcz. ex DC.) Tzvelev; Leucanthemum vulgare subsp. leucolepis Briq. & Cavill.; Leucanthemum vulgare subsp. praecox Horvatic; Leucanthemum vulgare subsp. triviale (Gaudin) Briq. & Cavill.; Leucanthemum vulgare var. pinnatifidum (Lecoq & Lamotte) Moldenke; Leucanthemum vulgare var. vulgare; Matricaria leucanthemum (L.) Desr.; Matricaria leucanthemum (L.) Scop.; Pontia vulgaris Bubani; Pyrethrum leucanthemum (L.) Franch.; Tanacetum leucanthemum (L.) Sch.Bip.

Common name

Oxeye daisy


Propagule or dispersal unit is the fruit. Fertile part 1.5-2.5 mm long, 0.5-0.8 mm wide, in side view widest in upper part (obovoid), +/- straight, the upper (apical) end narrowing, in cross-section round (terete), central, beak (=thinner sterile stalk between seed and pappus) absent, wings absent, fruit surface dark brown, smooth (except at cellular level), with no hairs (glabrous), thickened margin absent, longitudinal ribs present, 9-11, their surfaces smooth, with no hairs (glabrous).

Pappus absent, rarely scales, pappus elements all +/- similar, up to 0-0.5 mm long, in one row, persistent.


Perennial herb, seeds without obvious dispersal syndrome. Temperate regions. Prefers heavy and moist soils; weed of pastures, grasslands, grassy woodlands, disturbed forests, and subalpine vegetation.

Native range

Europe, western Asia.

Introduced range

North America, rarely in Central and South America, rarely in South Africa, central Asia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, China, Japan, Taiwan, southeastern Australia, New Zealand.