Origin of name:

lineatus /-a /-um = with lengthwise stripes; striped with parallel lines.

Diagnostic characters:

Mat-forming, grey tufts
Upper leaves forming a rosette below the inflorescence
Medium-sized heads
Compact inflorescence


Profusely branched perennial herb forming mats up to 200 mm across, or tufted, stems prostrate or decumbent, very slender, greyish-white felted, sparsely to closely leafy. Leaves imbricate with woolly-backed oblong bases as long as the blade webbed to the stem, blades mostly 4-10 x 3-7 mm, elliptic-oblong to oblong-spathulate, apex rounded, both surfaces closely greyish-white woolly-felted. Heads homogamous, very rarely heterogamous, cylindric, c. 5 x 2 mm, many clustered at the branch tips closely surrounded by leaves. Involucral bracts in 4 series, soon caducous, outermost short, webbed with wool to 2-3 reduced surrounding leaves, others subequal, about equaling flowers, not radiating, all translucent, upper part light golden-brown, obtuse, extreme tip opaque or subopaque along the midline. Receptacle nearly smooth. Flowers 18-25, very rarely 1 female. Achenes spindle-shaped, c. 1 mm long, glabrous in type material, with duplex hairs in other collections. Pappus bristles many, about equaling corolla, delicate, scabrid, bases cohering lightly by patent cilia.


Grows in short grassland, then tufted, or on bare earth, then forming small mats. Endemic to the high mountains in Lesotho and the Drakensberg on the Cape-Lesotho and KwaZulu-Natal-Lesotho borders, c. 2 700-3 200 m.  Colonizing disturbed gravel areas.

Grassland Biome.


Rarely collected but common where it occurs.




Helichrysum lineatum H. Bol. In Trans. S. Afr. phil. Soc. 18, 3: 386 (1907).



Eastern Cape, Barkly East distr., Drakensberg, Doodman's Krans Mtn., 9 000 ft, 8 iii 1904, Galpin 6669 (BOL, holo.; K; NH, iso.).






Jacot Guillarmod 2083 (PRE); Hilliard & Burtt 8780 (E; NU); Koekemoer 2895 (PRE).