Origin of name:

milleri is named after Oliphant Bell Miller (1882�1966), a Scot who worked in South Africa and Zimbabwe.

Diagnostic characters:

Large solitary heads
Brown bracts


Shrub up to 1 m tall, branches brittle, glandular-setose, thinly white-woolly as well when young, wool often persisting under the heads, leafy. Leaves mostly (15�) 20�25 x 6�12 mm, oblong or oblong-lanceolate, obtuse to acute, apiculate, base broad, half-clasping, both surfaces greyish-white woolly, wool persistent on sterile twigs, shed on flowering twigs to reveal the glandular-setose surface. Heads heterogamous, c. 15 mm long, c. 32 mm across the radiating bracts, depressed-globose, solitary or few at the tips of the lateral flowering twigs. Involucral bracts in c. 9 series, graded, imbricate, much exceeding the flowers, glossy, light brown. Receptacle shortly honeycombed. Flowers c. 600�700, 30�60 female, 570�650 homogamous. Achenes 1.25 mm long, glabrous. Pappus bristles equaling corolla, tip barbellate, shaft scabrid, base smooth.


Flowering in October and November.


Probably always in coarse herbage on the margins of forest patches. Recorded only from the Barberton Mountains, at Havelock and Emlembe Mountain on the Swaziland-Mpumalanga border, and from the Lydenburg area.

Grassland and Savanna Biomes.


H. milleri is unusual in this group in its spring flowering. It is easily recognized by its leaves that remain persistently grey-woolly on the sterile twigs but on the flowering twigs gradually shed the wool to reveal the green and glandular-setose surfaces, brown heads solitary or few at the tips of the lateral flowering twigs, and pappus bristles without patent cilia at the base.




Helichrysum milleri Hilliard in Notes R. bot. Gdn Edinb. 40: 259 (1982).



Mpumalanga, Barberton distr., Emlembe Mountain, Devil's Bridge, 5 200 ft. 26 x 1963, Miller 8509 (PRE, holo.).






Anderson  A80 (PRE); Miller 3035 (PRE).