Common names:

Toane-ea-loti (SS)

Origin of name:

montanus / -u / -um =  to do with mountains

Diagnostic characters:

Bright yellow bracts
Large heads
Compact inflorescences


Mat-forming dwarf shrub c. 100�450 mm high, often 1 m or more across, branches very short, congested, densely leafy, the leaves appearing rosetted from above, flowering stems terminal, erect, up to 200 mm long, greyish-white woolly, leafy throughout. Leaves up to 25 (�50) x 8 (�10) mm, smaller and more distant below the inflorescences, obovate, lingulate or subspathulate, apex very obtuse, base broad, half-clasping, both surfaces thickly greyish-white woolly, distinctly striped from the 3�5 parallel nerves. Heads heterogamous, hemispherical, 4�5 mm long, 5�8 mm across the radiating bracts, bases woolly, many in a compact terminal corymbose panicle. Involucral bracts in 6�7 series, graded, loosely imbricate, inner slightly exceeding flowers, tips minutely radiating, glossy, bright canary-yellow. Receptacle honeycombed. Flowers 53�133, 12�26 female, 34�112 homogamous. Achenes 0.75 mm, with myxogenic duplex hairs. Pappus bristles many, tips barbellate or subplumose, bases with patent cilia, cohering or not.


Flowering between January and April.


Forms thick mats on cliff faces, in rocky gullies, and on rock outcrops on steep mountain slopes. On the high mountains in KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho and E. central Cape, from The Sentinel area in KwaZulu-Natal and Ficksburg in the Free State south to Sani Pass in KwaZulu-Natal, the Witteberg at Lady Grey, the Stormberg, Great Winterberg, Sneeuberg and mountains near Murraysburg (c. 32�S 24�E).

Grassland Biome.



Distinguished from H. splendidum by its compact habit and by its leaves, always broadest near the tip. It generally grows at higher altitudes than H. splendidum and flowers later.



Helichrysum montanum DC., Prodr. 6: 186 (1838); Hilliard, Compositae in Natal 202 (1977).



Western Cape, Wittebergen, Dr�ge (G-DC, holo.; B; BM; E; K; S, iso.).



Gnaphalium montanum (DC.) Sch. Bip in Bot. Ztg 3: 171 (1845), non Willd. (1804). H. splendidum var. montanum (DC.) Harv. in F.C. 3: 234 (1865); Moeser in Bot. Jb. 44: 285 (1910).



Esterhuysen 17350 (BOL); Hilliard & Burtt 8651 (E; K; MO; NU; PRE; S); Schelpe 541 (NU); Wright 145 (E; NH; NU).