Common names:

Cholocholo, Isidwabasokhovu, umgademthina. (Z); Hottentot's tea (E), Hottentottee (A), Mohlomela-tsie (SS), Umagada-emthini (Z)

Origin of name:

nudi = hairless
folium = leaves

Diagnostic characters:

Broad leaves
Large heads in large compact inflorescences
Brown bracts


Perennial herb, roots fusiform, tuberous, rootstock stout, woody, crowned with old fibrous leaf-bases which are brown silky-woolly, flowering stem terminal, simple, 150�600 mm tall, often leafy at the base only, more rarely distantly leafy upwards, woolly-felted. Leaves often only 3 or 4, spreading or ascending, up to 150 (�230) x 40 (�60) mm, elliptic, ovate or subrotund, narrowed to a broad clasping base, stem leaves, if present, cordate-clasping, shortly decurrent, apex obtuse or subacute, upper surface harshly pubescent with long coarse multicellular hairs or scabridulous, lower white-felted, strongly 5�9 nerved, reticulate. Heads homogamous, campanulate, c. 5 x 5 mm, many in compact corymbose clusters in a rounded or flat-topped cyme. Involucral bracts in c. 3 series, imbricate, subequal, about equaling the flowers, base woolly, tips more or less obtuse, crisped, pellucid, pale brown, minutely radiating. Receptacle with fimbrils longer than ovaries. Flowers (20�)23�58(�60), bright yellow or orange. Achenes c. 1 mm long, glabrous. Pappus bristles many, equaling corolla, scabrid, bases lightly cohering by patent cilia, lightly fused as well.

Flowering mainly between August and December.


Widespread in regularly burnt upland grassland or Protea grassland, also in the forest zone, down to sea level in KwaZulu-Natal, Transkei and Eastern Cape. Ranges from Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe to all the provinces in South Africa, Swaziland and Lesotho; in the Cape about as far west as Uitenhage and Galgebosch (roughly 25�E).

Grassland and Savanna Biomes.




Helichrysum nudifolium (L.) Less. var. pilosellum (L.f.) Beentje in K.B. 55: 359 (2000).



Cape of Good Hope, B�ck / Forster s.n. (LINN 989.79).



Gnaphalium pilosellum L. f., Suppl. 364 (1781).

G. latifolium Thunb., Prodr. 152 (1800), Fl. Cap. 660 (1823). Helichrysum latifolium (Thunb.) Less., Syn. Comp. 297 (1832); DC., Prodr. 6: 198 (1838); Harv. in F.C. 3: 237 (1865); Moeser in Bot. Jb. 44: 262 (1910). Type; Cape, Galgebosch, Thunberg (sheet 19183, UPS).

Helichrysum pilosellum (L.f.) Less., Syn. Comp. 297 (1832) quoad syn. excl. descr.; Hilliard & Burtt in Notes R. bot. Gdn Edinb. 32: 358 (1973); Compton, Fl. Swaziland 633 (1976); Hilliard, Compositae in Natal 172 (1977). Type: Cape of Good Hope, B�ck [i.e. Forster] (LINN 989.79).

H. latifolium var. reticulatum Harv. in F.C. 3: 237 (1865). Type: KwaZulu-Natal, between Pietermaritzburg and Ladysmith, Gerrard & M'Ken 281 (TCD).

H. pedunculare (L.) DC. var. pilosellum (L. f.) Harv. in F.C. 3: 238 (1865) quoad syn., excl. spec.



Compton 27079 (NBG); Devenish 1606 (E; K; MO; NU; S); Strey 7648 (NU); Tyson 1101 (BOL).