Origin of name:

pannosus / -um = felted, with or appearance of felt

Diagnostic characters:

Bright yellow bracts
Open branched inflorescence
Large woolly leaves


Perennial herb up to c. 1m high, stem from a creeping woody stock, crown brown silky-woolly, sparingly branched low down, slender, woody, brittle, often zigzag, thinly greyish white-woolly, leafy throughout. Leaves up to 100 x 20 (�30) mm, smaller upwards, oblanceolate or oblong-elliptic, lanceolate upwards, apex more or less acute, base broad, cordate-clasping, both surfaces greyish-white woolly, often drying fulvous, sometimes glabrescent, wool then clinging to the three prominent nerves. Heads homogamous, narrowly campanulate, c. 6 x 3 mm, many in tight corymbose clusters corymbosely arranged. Involucral bracts in c. 6 series, graded, closely imbricate, woolly, inner acute, glossy, lemon-yellow, about equaling flowers, not radiating. Receptacle with fimbrils about equaling ovaries. Flowers 8�15. Achenes 1 mm, faintly ribbed, glabrous. Pappus bristles many, about equaling corolla, scabrid, bases cohering by patent cilia.


Flowers mainly between April and June.


Ranges from Stanger, Camperdown, Pinetown and Inanda districts in KwaZulu-Natal south to Port St Johns in the Transkei, in grassland up to c. 650 m, often on hillslopes near forest patches.

Savanna, Grassland and Thicket Biomes.



Helichrysum pannosum DC., Prodr. 6: 204 (1838); Harv. in F.C. 3: 248 (1865); Moeser in Bot. Jb. 44: 320 (1910); Hilliard, Compositae in Natal 174 (1977).



Cape, between the Umsikaba and Umzimvubu Rivers, Dr�ge 5003 (G-DC, holo.; BM; K; P; S; TCD, iso.).



Gnaphalium pannosum (DC.) Sch. Bip. in Bot. Ztg 3: 172 (1845).



Hilliard 1337 (E; NU); Hilliard & Burtt 10250 (E; K; NU; S); Rudatis 957 (K; PRE); Strey 8544 (NU; PRE).