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Thrips of California 2012

Haplothrips halophilus

Recognition data

Distinguishing features

Both sexes fully winged. Body brown to dark brown; fore tarsi and inner apex of fore tibiae, also pedicel of antennal segment III yellowish; fore wing pale with extreme base shaded. Head longer than wide; maxillary stylets one third of head width apart, retracted to postocular setae, maxillary bridge complete; postocular setae bluntly pointed, about half as long as eyes. Antennae 8-segmented, segment III short with one sensorium, IV with 4 sensoria; segment VIII short and broad at base. Pronotum with three pairs of weakly capitate major setae, anteromarginal and midlateral setae no longer than discal setae; epimeral sutures complete; prosternal basantra and ferna large, mesopresternum eroded to paired lateral triangles. Fore tarsal tooth prominent and recurved at inner apex of tarsus. Fore wing with about 10 duplicated cilia, sub-basal setae S1 and S2 blunt to weakly capitate, S3 acute. Tergite IX setae S1 bluntly pointed, shorter than tube, S2 acute.

Male with broadly based fore tarsal tooth; pronotal midlateral setae well-developed; sternite VIII without pore plate; tergite IX setae S2 short and stout; pseudovirga of aedeagus slender.

Related and similar species

In California, the only species similar to H. halophilus is H. ruber (Moulton), but that is known only from a single female that has capitate rather than pointed postocular setae (Cott, 1957). The genus Haplothrips, one of the three most species rich genera of Thysanoptera, currently includes about 245 species worldwide (Mound & Minaei, 2007), these being found mainly from Europe across the Old World. No member of the genus is known to be endemic to the Neotropics, although a few species come from southern South America (Mound & Zapater, 2003), and only 17 species are listed from Mexico and North America (Mound & Marullo, 1996) with six of these recorded from California (Hoddle et al. 2004). Little is known of the biology of the Californian species, although elsewhere the species of Haplothrips are associated particularly with the flowers of Poaceae and Asteraceae.

Taxonomic data

Current valid name

Haplothrips halophilus Hood

Original name and synonyms

  • Haplothrips halophilus Hood, 1915: 29

Family placement

Phlaeothripidae, Phlaeothripinae

Biological data

Life history

Presumably breeding in flowers

Host plants

Possibly Poaceae, most available specimens having been swept from grasses.

Tospoviruses vectored


Crop damage


Distribution data

Area of origin

Western USA


Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, California.