Charcoal rot

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Causal organism: Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) Goid. (teleomorph)

Other name: Ashy rot

 

 Storage roots with charcoal rot (G. Lawrence, APS).

 

Blackening of storage root flesh (G. Lawrence, APS).

Diagnostic summary

  • What you see on plants

- storage roots dry up, become spongy and  hard, but the periderm remains intact over the decayed tissue.

- two zones can be differentiated from a cross section of an infected root: the outer zone which is black due to presence of mature sclerotia, and the inner zone where the tissue is reddish brown and is in the process of decaying.

- stem may sometimes show lesions at the soil line, especially during heat stress.

  • Fungus is widespread in tropical and subtropical regions of the world.

  • Severe at high temperatures (35 -39C) and high moisture.

Taxonomy

Economic importance

Geographical distribution

Symptoms

Morphology

Biology and ecology

Host range

Diagnosis

Management

References

 

 

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