|Home||Open the Key||References|
Diagnosis - Propleura
meeting posteriorly and covering prosternum. Funicle usually with
segments (rarely 3).
Face without transverse sulcus about midway between torulus and anterior
vein generally distinctly longer than stigmal vein (STV). Submarginal
vein with 3 or more setae on dorsal surface. Notauli variable:
straight or nearly so, and reaching hind margin of mesoscutum; complete,
to meet anterior margin of axilla; incomplete
Scutellum with at least 2
pairs of setae; with
paired longitudinal lines. Male
antenna often with funicular branches.
Classification and distribution
- The Eulophini is worldwide in distribution, and contains about 1000
species in 85 genera.
Identification - There are
no keys strictly to Eulophini; however keys to all Eulophinae
genera are available for Australasia (Boucek,
1988) and North America (Schauff
et al., 1997). Gauthier
et al. (2000) provided a list all genera in this tribe.
Biology - Most Eulophini are parasitoids of larval Lepidoptera; with the exception being genera with leafmining parasitoids which attack hosts in other orders. Species in most genera are ectoparasitic idiobionts of larvae concealed in plant tissue; only a few are ectoparasitic koinobionts of exposed caterpillars. Many species in this tribe are gregarious, and as is often the case in idiobionts, several species are known to be quite polyphagous. There are several genera known to attack leafmining agromyzids: Sympiesis, Pnigalio, Ratzeburgiola, Hemiptarsenus, Dicladocerus, Stenomesius. Species in these genera also attack Lepidopterous leafminers, and in some cases leafminers in other orders.