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Introduction Background Taxon Pages Lucid Key Web Resources Acknowledgement



Abe Y & Kawahara T (2001). Coexistence of the vegetable leafminer, Liriomyza sativae (Diptera: Agromyzidae), with L. trifolii and L. bryoniae on commercially grown tomato plants. Applied Entomology and Zoology 36: 277-281.

Abe Y & Tokumaru S (2008). Displacement in two invasive species of leafminer fly in different localities. Biological Invasions. 10: 951-953.

Abe Y, Takeuchi T, Tokumaru S & Kamata J (2005). Comparison of the suitability of three pest leafminers (Diptera: Agromyzidae) as hosts for the parasitoid Dacnusa sibirica (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). European Journal of Entomology 102: 805-807.

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Baeza Larios GL & Ohno K (2007). Larval summer diapause of Chrysocharis pubicornis (Zetterstedt) (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), a pupal parasitoid of agromyzid leafminers: Sensitive stage for diapause induction and effects of cool exposure on diapause termination. Applied Entomology and Zoology 42: 587-594.

Baeza Larios GL, Ohno K & Fukuhara F (2007). Effects of photoperiod and temperature on preimaginal development and summer diapause of Chrysocharis pubicornis (Zetterstedt) (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), a pupal parasitoid of leafminers (Diptera: Agromyzidae). Applied Entomology and Zoology 42: 189-197.

Belokobylskij SA, Wharton RA & La Salle J (2004). Australian species of the genus Opius Wesmael (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) attacking leaf-mining Agromyzidae, with the description of a new species from South-east Asia. Australian Journal of Entomology 43: 138-147.

Bjorksten TA, Robinson M & La Salle J (2005). Species composition and population dynamics of leafmining flies and their parasitoids in Victoria. Australian Journal of Entomology 44: 186-191.

Blacket MJ, Rice AD, Semeraro L & Malipatil MB (2015). DNA-based identifications reveal multiple introductions of the vegetable leafminer Liriomyza sativae (Diptera: Agromyzidae) into the Torres Strait Islands and Papua New Guinea. Bulletin of Entomological Research 105: 533-544.

Blanchard E (1926). A dipterous leaf-miner on Cineraria, new to science. Revista de la Sociedad Entomologica Argentina 1: 10-11. [Agromyza huidobrensis]

Blanchard E (1938). Descripciones y anotaciones de dipteros argentinos Agromyzidae. Anales de la Sociedad Científica Argentina 126: 352-359. [Liriomyza cucumifoliae]

Blanchard E (1954). Sinopsos de los Agromyzidae argentinos (Diptera: Agromyzidae). Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganaderia, Buenos Aires. [Liriomyza decora]

Bock IR (1982). Drosophilidae of Australia. V. Remaining Genera and Synopsis (Insecta : Diptera). Australian Journal of Zoology Supplementary Series 89, 1-164.

Burgess E (1880). The clover Oscinis (Oscinis trifolii, Burgess n.sp.). United States Department of Agriculture Report 1879: 200-201. [Oscinis trifolii]

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Cheah C S-J (1987). Temperature requirements of the chrysanthemum leaf miner, Chromatomyia syngenesiae [Dipt.: Agromyzidae], and its ectoparasitoid, Diglyphus isaea [Hym.: Eulophidae]. Entomophaga 32: 357-365.

Chen B & Kang L (2004). Variation in cold hardiness of Liriomyza huidobrensis (Diptera: Agromyzidae) along the latitudinal gradients. Environmental Entomology 33: 155-164.

Chen B & Kang L (2005a). Can greenhouses eliminate the development of cold resistance of the leafminers? Oecologia 144: 187-195.

Chen B & Kang L (2005b). Implication of pupal cold tolerance for the northern overwintering range limit of the leafminer Liriomyza sativae (Diptera: Agromyzidae) in China. Applied Entomology and Zoology 40: 437-446.

Chiu YC, Wu WJ, Shiao SF & Shih CJ (2000). The application of RAPD-PCR to develop rapid diagnostic technique for identification of 6 species of Liriomyza spp. Chinese Journal of Entomology 20: 293-309 (in Chinese). pdf

Chow A & Heinz KM (2004). Biological control of leafminers on ornamental crops. In Biocontrol in Protected Culture (eds Heinz KM, Van Driesche RG & Parrella MP), Ball Publishing, Batavia, Illinois. pp. 221-238.

Çikman E & Civelek HS (2007). Does Liriomyza cicerina affect the yield of chickpeas (Cicer arietinum)? Phytoparasitica 35:116-118.

Collins DW (1996). The separation of Liriomyza huidobrensis (Diptera: Agromyzidae) from related indigenous and non-indigenous species encountered in the United Kingdom using cellulose acetate electrophoresis. Annals of Applied Biology 128: 387-398.

Coquillett DW (1900). Descriptions of two new species of Diptera from Western Australia. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 25: 389-390. [Phytomyza betae]

Crop Protection Compendium (2007). 2007 Edition © CAB International, Wallingford, UK.

Crutwell McFadyen RE (1994). Two new insects from Portulaca oleracea L. in Australia. Journal of the Australian Entomological Society 33: 43-44.

Curran CH (1931). Four new Diptera in the Canadian National Collection. The Canadian Entomologist 63: 93-98. [Phytomyza mitis]

Curtis J (1844). Agromyza violae (the pansy fly). Gardeners' Chronicle. April 20: 244-245. [Agromyza violae]

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Dempewolf M (2004). Arthropods of Economic Importance - Agromyzidae of the World (CD-ROM). ETI. University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam.

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Dufour L (1857). Mélanges entomologiques. Annales de la Sociétié Entomologique de France (3) 5: 39-70. [Phytomyza tropaeoli]

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El Bouhssini M, Malhotra RS, Babi A & Mardini K (2000). Sprays that spare pest predators. 12 Page 15

El Bouhssini M, Mardini K, Malhotra RS, Joubia A & Kagkac A (2008). Effects of planting date, varieties and insecticides on chickpea leaf miner (Liriomyza cicerina R.) infestation and the parasitoid Opius monilicornis F. Crop Protection 27: 915–919.

Elliott MG (2006). Diptera: Cyclorrhapha: (Acalyptrata: Part): Agromyzidae. Australian Faunal Directory. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra. Viewed 22 January 2008. (direct link to Agromyzidae checklist)

EPPO (2005). Liriomyza spp. EPPO Bulletin 35: 335-344.

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Feng X, Chen N-Z, Ma J, Zhu S-F & Hu X-N (2007). Molecular identification of Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess) (Dipt., Agromyzidae) based on real-time PCR. Journal of Applied Entomology 131: 548-552

Fisher N, Ubaidillah R, Reina P & La Salle J (2005). Liriomyza parasitoids in Southeast Asia.

Freeman CC (1958). Liriomyza guytona, a new species of agromyzid leaf miner. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 51: 344-345. [Liriomyza guytona]

Frey R (1945). Tiergeographische Studien ber die Dipterenfauna der Azoren. 1. Verzeichnis der bisher von den Azoren bekannten Dipteren. Commentationes Biologicae 8, 114 p. [Liriomyza triton]

Frick KE (1951). Liriomyza langei, a new species of leaf-miner of economic importance in California. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 21: 81. [Liriomyza langei]

Frick KE (1952). Four new Hawaiian Liriomyza species and notes on other Hawaiian Agromyzidae (Diptera). Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society: 509-518. [Liriomyza canomarginis], [Liriomyza hawaiiensis], [Liriomyza minutiseta], [Liriomyza pullata]

Frick KE (1955). Nearctic species in the Liriomyza pusilla complex, No. 3. L. alliovora, new name for the Iowa onion miner. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 28: 88-92. [Liriomyza alliovora]

Frick KE (1957). Nearctic species in the Liriomyza pusilla complex, No. 2. L. munda and two other species attacking crops in California. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 33: 59-70. [Liriomyza munda]

Frick KE (1958). Liriomyza dianthi n. sp., a new pest of carnations in California. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 60: 1-5. [Liriomyza dianthi]

Frost SW (1943). Three new species of Diptera related to Agromyza pusilla Meig. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 51: 253-263. [Agromyza phaseolunulata], [Agromyza subpusilla]

Frost SW (1954). A new name for Phytomyza subpusilla Frost (Diptera). Entomological News 65: 73. [Liriomyza propepusilla]

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Garg PK (1971). Studies on Agromyzidae (Diptera) from the Gangetic Basin. Part V. Descriptions of three new species of Phytomyza Fallkn. Oriental Insects Supplement 1: 247-256. [Phytomyza nainiensis], [Liriomyza ornephila]

Goureau CC (1851). Mémoire pour servir à l'histoire des diptéres dont les larves minent les feuilles des plantes, et à celle de leurs parasites. Annales de la Sociétié Entomologique de France (2) 9: 131-76. [Phytomyza horticola]

Griffiths GCD (1962). Breeding leaf-mining flies and their parasites. Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation 74: 178-185, 203-206.

Griffiths GCD (1967). Revision of the Phytomyza syngenesiae group (Diptera, Agromyzidae), including species hitherto known as "Phytomyza atricornis Meigen". Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde 177: 1-28. [Phytomyza syngenesiae]

Griffiths GCD (1972). Comment on Steyskal's note on Phytomyza horticola Goureau and P. syngenesiae (Hardy) (Diptera, Agromyzidae). Entomological News 83: 39-40.

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Haghani M, Fathipour Y, Talebi AA & Baniameri V (2006). Comparative demography of Liriomyza sativae Blanchard (Diptera: Agromyzidae) at seven constant temperatures on cucumber. Insect Science 13: 477-483

Haghani M, Fathipour Y, Talebi AA & Baniameri V (2007). Thermal requirement and development of Liriomyza sativae (Diptera: Agromyzidae) on cucumber. Journal of Economic Entomology 100: 350-356.

Hamilton JR, Yeates DK, Hastings A, Colless DH, McAlpine DK, Bickel D, Cranston PS, Schneider MA, Daniels G & Marshall S (2006). On The Fly: The Interactive Atlas and Key to Australian Fly Families. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra & Centre for Biological Information Technology, Brisbane.

Hansson C & LaSalle J (1996). Two new eulophid parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Eulophidae) of Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess) (Diptera: Agromyzidae). Oriental Insects 30: 193-202.

Hardy J (1849). On the primrose-leaf miner; with notice of a proposed new genus, and characters of three species of Diptera. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 4: 385-392. [Chromatomyia syngenesiae]

Hardy J (1853). The hemp nettle, ragwort, bean, tare, and daisy leaf-miner. The Scottish Gardener 2: 370-373. [Agromyza galeopsios]

Hardy RJ, Terauds A, Rapley PEL, Williams MA, Ireson JE, Miller LA, Brieze-Stegeman & McQuillan PB. (1979). Insect Pest Occurrences in Tasmania 1977-78. Insect Pest Survey 11. Tasmanian Department of Agriculture: Hobart.

Hendel F (1920). Die paläarktischen Agromyziden: Prodromus einer Monographie. Archiv für Naturgeschichte (A) 84: 109-174. [Phytomyza atricornis]

Hendel F (1931-1936). 59. Agromyzidae. In Die Fliegen der paläarktischen Region (ed. Lindner E). Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Stuttgart: VI 2: 12+570 pp., Taf. I-XVI. [Liriomyza trichophthalma]

Hennig W (1958). Die Familien der Diptera Schizophora und ihre phylogenetischen Verwandschaftsbeziehungen. Beiträge zur Entomologie 8: 505-688.

Hering EM (1951). Neue paläarktische und nearktische Agromyziden (Dipt.). Notulae entomologicae 31: 31-45. [Liriomyza verbenicola]

Hering EM (1957). Bestimmungstabellen der Blattminen von Europa einschliesslich des Mittelmeerbeckens und der Kanarischen Inseln. Dr W Junk, 's-Gravenhage. 3 Vol. 1-648, 653-1185, 1-221.

Hering M (1927a). Die Minenfauna der Canarischen Inseln. Zoologische Jahrbũcher, Abteilung fũr Systematik, Ökologie und Geographie der Tiere 53: 405-486. [Liriomyza cruciferarum]

Hering M (1927b). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Oekologie und Systematik blattminierender Insekten. (Minenstudien VIII). Zeitschrift für angewandte Entomologie 13: 156-198. [Liriomyza solani]

Hering M (1930). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Okologie und Systematik blattminierender Insekten. Zeitschrift für angewandte Entomologie 17: 431-471. [Liriomyza hydrocotylae]

Hering M (1932). Minenstudien XI. Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Insektenbiologie 26: 157-182. [Liriomyza mercurialis]

Hidrayani, Purnomo, Rauf A, Ridland PM & Hoffmann AA (2005). Pesticide applications on Java potato fields are ineffective in controlling leafminers, and have antagonistic effects on natural enemies of leafminers. International Journal of Pest Management 51: 181-187.

Hofsvang T, Snøan B, Andersen A, Heggen H & Anh LN (2005). Liriomyza sativae (Diptera: Agromyzidae), an invasive species in South-East Asia: Studies on its biology in northern Vietnam. International Journal of Pest Management 51: 71-80.

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Ibrahim AG & Madge DS (1977). The life cycle of the chrysanthemum leaf-miner, Phytomyza syngenesiae (Hardy) with reference to its larval development and behaviour. Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 113: 1-7.

IPPC (2014). Liriomyza sativae in Torres Strait. International Plant Protection Convention Preliminary Pest Report. Available from: [accessed 23 November 2014].

IPPC (2016). ISPM 27 Diagnostic protocols for regulated pests. DP 16: Genus Liriomyza

IPPC (2017). Detection of Liriomyza sativae in Far North Queensland. International Plant Protection Convention Pest Report AUS 80–1. Available from: [accessed 23 November 2018].

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Kaltenbach JH (1858). Die deutschen Phytophagen aus der Klasse der Insekten Fortsetzung. Alphabetisches Verzeichniss der deutschen Pflanzengattungen (Buchstabe B). Verhandlungen des naturhistorischen Vereins der preussischen Rheinlande und Westfalens 15: 77-161. [Agromyza bryoniae]

Kaltenbach JH (1860). Die deutschen Phytophagen aus der Klasse der Insekten. Fortsetzung. Alphabetisches Verzeichniss der deutschen Pflanzengattungen (Buchstabe D-F). Verhandlungen des naturhistorischen Vereins der preussischen Rheinlande und Westfalens 17: 203-260. [Phytomyza fediae]

Kaltenbach JH (1862). Die Phytophagen aus der Klasse der Insekten. Fortsetzung. Alphabetisches Verzeichniss der deutschen Pflanzengattungen (Buchstabe G-L). Verhandlungen des naturhistorischen Vereins der preussischen Rheinlande und Westfalens 19: 1-106. [Phytomyza linariae]

Kaltenbach JH (1864). Die Phytophagen aus der Klasse der Insekten. Fortsetzung. Alphabetisches Verzeichniss der deutschen Pflanzengattungen (Buchstabe M-P). Verhandlungen des naturhistorischen Vereins der preussischen Rheinlande und Westfalens 21: 228-404. [Phytomyza pisi]

Kato S (1949). A preliminary report on a survey of agricultural pests in Chahar, Suiyuan and northern Shansi. Peking Natural History Bulletin 18: 11-36. [Dizygomyza cepae ssp. chinensis]

Kleinschmidt RP (1960). New species of Agromyzidae from Queensland. Queensland Journal of Agricultural Sciences 17: 321-337. [Haplomyza caulophaga]

Kleinschmidt RP (1965). Some leaf-mining Agromyzidae (Diptera) from Queensland. Journal of the Entomological Society of Queensland 4: 1-2.

Kleinschmidt RP (1970). Studies of some species of Agromyzidae in Queensland. Queensland Journal of Agricultural and Animal Sciences 27: 321-384.

Kolesík P & Pastucha L (1992). Chickpea leafminer Liriomyza cicerina (Rondani, 1875) [Diptera, Agromyzidae] - a new species of Czecho-Slovak fauna. Biológia (Bratislava) 47: 439-440.

Kox LFF, van den Beld HE, Lindhout BL & de Goffau LJW (2005). Identification of economically important Liriomyza species by PCR-RFLP analysis. EPPO Bulletin 35: 79-85.

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Lambkin CL, Fayed SA, Manchester C, La Salle J, Scheffer SJ & Yeates DK (2008). Plant hosts and parasitoid associations of leaf mining flies (Diptera: Agromyzidae) in the Canberra region of Australia. Australian Journal of Entomology 47: 13-19.

Lanzoni A, Bazzocchi GG, Burgio G & Fiacconi MR (2002). Comparative life history of Liriomyza trifolii and Liriomyza huidobrensis (Diptera: Agromyzidae) on beans: effect of temperature on development. Environmental Entomology 31: 797-803.

Lardner RM (1991). Comparative host stage utilization of two parasitoids of Liriomyza brassicae (Diptera: Agromyzidae). PhD Thesis, University of Adelaide. thesis details

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Liu TX, Kang Le, Heinz KM & Trumble J (2009). Biological control of Liriomyza leafminers: progress and perspective. CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources. 4 No. 004. 1-16  pdf

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Macquart J (1855). Les plantes herbaceés d'Europe et leurs insects. 2. Partie. Mémoires de la Sociétïé Impériale des Sciences, de l'Agriculture et des Artes de Lille (1854): 157-330. [Phytomyza cucumidis]

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Malipatil MB (2007a). Chickpea leafminer (Liriomyza cicerina) Pest and Diseases Image Library. Updated on 11/07/2007. Available online:

Malipatil MB (2007b). Pea leafminer (Liriomyza huidobrensis) Pest and Diseases Image Library. Updated on 11/07/2007 Available online:

Malipatil MB (2007c). American serpentine leafminer (Liriomyza trifolii) Pest and Diseases Image Library. Updated on 11/07/2007 Available online:

Malipatil MB, Ridland PM, Rauf A, Watung J & Kandowangko D (2004) New records of Liriomyza Mik (Agromyzidae: Diptera) leafminers from Indonesia. Formosan Entomologist 24: 287-292. pdf

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Meigen JW (1838). Systematische Beschreibung der bekannten europäischen zweiflägeligen Insekten. Siebenter Theil oder Supplementband. 7: 396-407. [Agromyza fasciola], [Phytomyza atricornis]

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Morgan DJW, Reitz SR, Atkinson PW & Trumble JT (2000). The resolution of Californian populations of Liriomyza huidobrensis and Liriomyza trifolii (Diptera : Agromyzidae) using PCR. Heredity 85: 53-61.

Murphy S & La Salle J (1999). Balancing biological control strategies in the IPM of New World invasive Liriomyza leafminers in field vegetable crops. Biocontrol News and Information 20: 91N-104N.

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Naresh JS & Malik VS (1989). Observations on the insect pests of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) in Haryana. Bulletin of Entomology New Delhi 27 (1986): 75-77.

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Nietzke G (1953). Beiträge zur Biologie und Epidemiologie der Zwiebelminierfliege Dizygomyza cepae Her. Zeitschrift für angewandte Entomologie 35: 249-270.

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Osmelak JA (1983). Occurrence of leaf-mining Diptera in cultivated crops. Australian Entomological Magazine 10: 9-10.

Oudman L (1992). Identification of economically important Liriomyza species (Diptera: Agromyzidae) and their parasitoids using enzyme electrophoresis. Proceedings of the section Experimental and Applied Entomology of the Netherlands Entomological Society 3: 135-139.

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PaDIL (2005). Vegetable leaf miner (Liriomyza sativae) Pest and Diseases Image Library. Updated on 28/12/2005 11:04:49 AM. Available online:

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Rauf A, Shepard BM & Johnson MW (2000). Leafminers in vegetables, ornamental plants and weeds in Indonesia: surveys of host crops, species composition and parasitoids. International Journal of Pest Management 46: 257-266.

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Sasakawa M (1961). A study of the Japanese Agromyzidae (Diptera), 2. Pacific Insects 3: 307-472. pdf [Liriomyza katoi], [Liriomyza nipponallia]

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Scheffer SJ (2000). Molecular evidence of cryptic species within the Liriomyza huidobrensis (Diptera: Agromyzidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 93: 1146-1151.

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